ESL/ EFL Lesson Level A2 (Pre-intermediate) – Adverbs of time: just, now, already – School and Studying

A2 Level Pre-intermediate EFL/ ESL Lesson Plan

Lesson Functions: Adverbs of time: just, now, already
Target Vocabulary: School and Studying


1. Listen to the texts and fill in the blanks:

I am Rin and my first day of the school-year was really __________________ . My classmates, Tom, and Audrie were sitting just ________________. me in biology class, and Tom was sitting right next to me in math. We had ____________________. fun. But we have to start studying a lot too. Now, I am finishing a history project that I was doing in the ______________.

2. Answer the questions.

  1. Who was sitting behind Rin in biology class?
  2. What is Rin doing now?
  3. What did Otto do after school?

3. Match the word with its definition.

passa fixed period of time for school or office
collegeto succeed in an examination
termplace to get higher education
  • Grammar Box

Just is usually used with Present Perfect Tense meaning “a short while ago”.

  • e.g. John has just finished reading that book. (John finished reading that book 5 minutes ago.)
  • Pradeep just called. (Pradeep called a minute ago.)

Already indicates that something has happened earlier (or earlier than expected).

  • e.g. It is 2.29h but the bus has already left! (It was supposed to leave at 2.30)
  • John has already finished his homework. (He finished it earlier than expected.)

Now means that the action is happening at the moment of speaking or at present.

  • e.g. I am doing a science project now.
  • Pierre is now taking a chemistry course.


1. Underline the correct word.

  1. I am working on a project/ college for my biology class.
  2. Jane passed/ made the test with a very good grade.
  3. The math diploma/ textbook can be found in the library.

2. Put the adverb in the correct position.

  1. Monica has finished the biology exam. (just)
  2. Our teacher is writing on the blackboard. (now)
  3. She has marked the exams and we will have the results tomorrow. (already)


1. What is our favorite school subject? Give three reasons.